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Learning Centre FAQs | Layered Creations

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

On this page you will find answers to some commonly asked questions. If we find our customers asking similar questions on other topics we will share the answers here as well.

Do you have different questions? Or do you have something to add to one of our existing FAQ answers? If so, please let us know. We …..

 

What is yardage?

Yardage is a quilting term for fabric that is purchased off the bolt to a size specifically requested by you, the customer.

What is a pre-cut?

Pre-cut is a quilting term for fabric that has been cut to specific sizes either by the manufacturer or by the store owner prior to being made available for sale. Sometimes pre-cuts are purchased as single items (eg fat quarters), sometimes they are purchased in a pack (eg jelly roll). They can be a great resource as they allow quilters to buy a variety of fabrics for the same price as it would cost to buy a meter of fabric in one design, and can be a relatively quick way to build your fabric stash.

There are various names for the different sizes of pre-cut fabrics depending on which company has manufactured them (eg stacks, strips, swags). However, most quilters refer to them using the names given to them by Moda Fabrics regardless of which company has manufactured them. See below.

Fat eighth – 50cm x 27.5cm piece of fabric, or 25cm x 55cm piece of fabric (Australian sizing)
Fat quarter – 50cm x 55cm piece of fabric (Australian sizing)
Jelly roll – pack of strips, 2.5” x width of fabric
Desert roll – pack of strips, 5” x width of fabric
Mini charm squares – pack of 2.5” squares
Charm squares – pack of 5” squares
Layer cake – pack of 10” squares

What is the difference between an Australian and American fat quarter?

An Australian fat quarter will generally measure 50cm x 55cm (19.7” x 21.7”). This is because fabrics in Australia are usually cut to metric measurements (ie by the meter instead of by the yard).

An American fat quarter will generally measure 18” x 21” (45.7cm x 53.3cm).

A fat quarter is usually cut as a half metre/half yard off a bolt of fabric first. This strip of fabric is then cut in half width-wise, creating the measurements above.

cut

Why does a Fat Eighth come in different sizes?

The size of a fat eighth will depend on whether the fat quarter it is cut from is cut in half along the length (25cm x 55cm) or the width (50cm x 27.5cm).

How do I convert imperial measurements to metric measurements?

The following standard conversion rates can be applied.

1 inch = 2.54cm 1cm = 0.3937 inches
1 yard = 91.44cm 1 meter = 1.28 yards

What are the standard measurements for Australian bed quilts?

Mattress measurements can vary depending on which store you purchase them from. As a result quilt sizes will vary slightly. If you want measurements for a quilt for your specific mattress I would recommend measuring the length, width and height of your mattress and making your quilt to that specific size. If you use the following formulas you will be able to work out the required finished size of your quilt.

Quilt length = Length of mattress + height of mattress
Quilt width = Width of mattress + 2 x height of mattress

For example, if your mattress is 190cm long, 92cm wide and 10cm high your finished quilt would be 200cm x 112cm.

Quilt length = 190cm + 10cm = 200cm
Quilt width = 92cm + 10cm + 10cm = 112cm

If you don’t have a mattress to measure you could use the following sizes as a guide. We have used 12cm (4.75″) as the mattress height to determine finished quilt measurements. This should allow enough overhang to compensate for most variations in mattress sizes. Please note, imperial measurements have been rounded to the nearest inch.

Mattress Size Mattress Measurements Quilt Measurements
Cot 130cm x 69cm x 12cm
51″ x 27″ x 5″
142cm x 93cm
56″ x 37″
Single 190cm x 92cm x 12cm
75″ x 36″ x 5″
202cm x 116cm
80″ x 46″
King Single 203cm x 107cm x 12cm
80″ x 42″ x 5″
215cm x 131cm
85″ x 52″
Double 190cm x 137cm x 12cm
75″ x 54″ x 5″
202cm x 161cm
80″ x 63″
Queen 203cm x 153cm x 12cm
80″ x 60″ x 5″
215cm x 177cm
85″ x 70″
King 203cm x 183cm x 12cm
80″ x 72″ x 5″
215cm x 207cm
85″ x 82″

Should I pre-wash my fabric?

This is a question that quilter’s around the world continue to debate. It appears to be quite a personal choice with pros and cons on both sides. My recommendation would be to try using fabric both ways, decide which way you prefer, then stick to it. It is not recommended to use both pre-washed and non pre-washed fabrics in the same quilt.